Introduction to Nanotechnology
This page is intended to serve as a resource for those wishing to learn more about the current global state of nanosystems and nanotechnology R&D. Here you will find information on important developments in this rapidly-changing field, MITRE's vision of nanotechnology and its future, and links to other useful resources.
What is Nanotechnology?
At MITRE, nanotechnology is defined as engineering on the molecular scale—i.e., using molecular-scale structures as the components of future systems that are designed and integrated on that same scale. This involves putting molecules and other molecular-scale structures, such as nanowires and quantum dots, where one wants them in enormous numbers. This permits the engineering of entire nanostructured systems of macroscopic extent from the bottom up.
The slide shown below summarizes many of these important ideas.
Difficult Problems in Nanotechnology
There are a number of scientific and technical challenges in nanotechnology that, if overcome, would enable dramatically improved understanding, characterization, fabrication, and manipulation of atoms, molecules, and nanostructures:
1. Precise and arbitrary manipulation and positioning of large numbers of nanostructures.
2. The development of improved techniques for multi-scale modeling (i.e., unified approaches for the modeling across multiple scales of extended systems of nanostructures).
3. The design, fabrication, and demonstration of an extended nanocomputer system that is integrated on the molecular scale (i.e., the nanometer scale), including both an ultra-dense nanoprocessor and an ultra-dense nanomemory array.
4. Development of techniques for imaging atomic-scale features in real time under a wide range of conditions.
5. Better understanding of the health issues related to nanoparticles and other nanostructures.
6. Bulk synthesis or bulk separation of carbon nanotubes with controlled chirality.
7. Improved theories for understanding and predicting physical processes (chemical reactions, atomic transport, crystal structures, etc.) at nanometer length scales.
What MITRE is Doing to Address These Challenges
MITRE is conducting extensive R&D to address some of the challenges listed above. For details, see the Web page on MITRE's Nanotechnology Research and Development.
Other Nanotechnology Links and Resources
Page last updated: January 31, 2013 | Top of page